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NDIS SDA Density Rules and Density Calculator

Calculator NDIS SDA Density11

SDA Density Restrictions

"How many SDA participants can be accommodated in a development and in particular in a multi-unit residential building?". This is a very common question that we are asked by SDA developers and the answer is not that straightforward.

There are several factors to consider including the total number of people that can be accommodated in the building, the configuration of units/dwellings available and the particular configuration of the unit/dwelling that the SDA participant will occupy.

To break down the requirements, we need to understand the following:

1. NDIS document that discusses Density Restrictions.

The document that discusses the density requirements is the National Disability Insurance Scheme (Specialist Disability Accommodation) Rules 2020, ItemSubdivision C—Density restriction 

31 Density restriction

(1) The density restriction applies in relation to a parcel of land if:
(a) the parcel of land has 2 or more dwellings; and
(b) at least one of those dwellings is either: (i) a new build; or (ii) existing stock.

(2) If the density restriction applies in relation to a parcel of land, the total number of eligible participants that can receive funding for specialist disability accommodation in relation to all dwellings located on the parcel of land must not exceed:

(a) if one of the dwellings on the parcel of land is enrolled to house 3 or more residents—the greater of the following:
(i) 10 eligible participants;
(ii) 10% of the total number of residents capable of residing on the parcel of land, assuming one resident per bedroom;

or

(b) if all of the enrolled dwellings on the parcel of land are enrolled to house no more than 2 residents and the dwellings are part of an intentional community—the greater of the following:
(i) 15 eligible participants;
(ii) 25% of the total number of residents capable of residing on the parcel of land, assuming one resident per bedroom;

or

(c) if all of the enrolled dwellings on the parcel of land are enrolled to house no more than 2 residents and the dwellings are not part of an intentional community—the greater of the following:
(i) 15 eligible participants;
(ii) 15% of the total number of residents capable of residing on the parcel of land, assuming one resident per bedroom.

2. Undersatnding words that are noted NDIS SDA Rules 2020 that deal with Density Restrictions.

a. ‘A parcel of land’ (defined under NDIS SDA rules 2020)

A parcel of land is:
(a) for land in New South Wales:
(i) the land that forms a parcel for the purposes of the Strata Schemes Development Act 2015 (NSW); or
(ii) the land that forms a community parcel, neighbourhood parcel of precinct parcel for the purposes of the Community Land Development Act 1989 (NSW); or
(iii) for land not covered by subparagraph (i) or (ii)—the land covered by a folio of the Register for the purposes of the Real Property Act 1900(NSW);
or
(b) for land in Victoria:
(i) the land covered by a registered plan for the purposes of the Subdivision Act 1988 (Vic.); or
(ii) for land not covered by subparagraph (i)—the land covered by a folio of the Register for the purposes of the Transfer of Land Act 1958 (Vic.);
or 
(c) for land in Queensland:
(i) the land covered by a mixed use scheme for the purposes of the Mixed Use Development Act 1993 (Qld); or
(ii) the land covered by a building units plan or a group titles plan for the purposes of the Building Units and Group Titles Act 1980 (Qld); or
(iii) the land covered by a community titles scheme for the purposes of the Body Corporate and Community Management Act 1997 (Qld); or
(iv) for land not covered by subparagraphs (i) to (iii)—the land that comprises a lot for the purposes of the Land Title Act 1994 (Qld);
Other rules apply for other states and territories.

b. ‘Ennrolled dwelling
is a dwelling that complies with all the requirements of NDIS SDA which would then enable it to be enrolled with the NDIS as an SDA dwelling.

c. ‘Participant’ (defined under NDIS Act 2013)
means a person who is a participant in the National Disability Insurance Scheme. In this case the participant means a person who is funded for SDA.

d. ‘Residents
are the total number of occupants of the entire development on a single parcel of land. Total resident numbers are determined on the assumption that one resident occupies one bedroom. This means that the number of participants with SDA in their plan intended to reside in the dwelling may be lower than the number of residents for which the dwelling is being enrolled. Example, a three bedroom apartment could have 2 participants and 1 non SDA resident.

e. ‘Intentional communities’(Defined under NDIS SDA rules 2020)
An intentional community is a residential community with the following features:
(a) the community is designed to have a high degree of social cohesion,achieved through teamwork and agreed shared values;
(b) the members of the community have chosen to live together based on common social values and have committed to the principle of mutual support;
(c) the community has a defined and explicit agreement under which residents have agreed to live in accordance with shared common values, including the principle of mutual support;
(d) the community is controlled by the members or residents and is not governed by a single entity such as a support provider;
(e) the community includes general market housing, and is not solely designed to provide supported accommodation services.

3. What does 'enrolled to house 3 or more residents' mean?

The Clauses on density, permits the SDA participant numbers to be 10% or 15% of the total number of residents based on type of dwelling being enrolled (example 1 or 2 bedroom dwelling verses 3 or more bedroom dwelling). Therefore the applicable percentage is based on whether a SDA participant is going to occupy a 1 or 2 bedroom dwelling verses a 3 or more bedroom dwelling. So for example even if there are a combination of 2 and 3 bedroom units in a residential building and all the SDA participants will be occupying just the 2 bedroom unit type then a percentage of 15% will apply.

The answer derived by the applicable percentage is then compared to the max number permissible (10 or 15) and the greater number of the two is the maximum permissible density.

Want it simplified even further ?

Use our NDIS SDA Density Calculator to find the density requirement in just a few clicks.


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Disclaimer:
This calculator is based only on Vista Access Architect’s personal interpretation of density restrictions noted in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (Specialist Disability Accommodation) Rules 2016. This calculator is not endorsed by the NDIA and users are advised to make their own inquires in regard to density directly with NDIA. Use calculator at your own risk. Vista Access Architects shall not be held liable for use of the Calculator.

 

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